"All the world's a stage we pass through." - R. Ayana

Friday, March 2, 2012

CIA and Pentagon Deploy RFID Death Chips

CIA and Pentagon Deploy RFID Death Chips
A Conspiracy Theory? Think Again!



by Tom Burghardt



First it was cattle. Then it was pets. Then Mexicans. Now the tribal areas of Pakistan where the CIA is equipping Pakistani tribesmen with secret transmitters to call in air-strikes targeting al-Qaida and Taliban militants.

A drone, guided by the signal from the chip, destroys the building with a salvo of missiles scattering body parts everywhere.

Will Americans and the rest of the "free world" be next? Long perceived as a crazy conspiracy theory, radio-frequency identification chips (RFID) have surreptitiously penetrated every aspect of society and may soon literally get under our skin for full-spectrum control.

Back to Orwell... "The future is now" as Burghardt admonishes!




What Pentagon theorists describe as a "Revolution in Military Affairs" (RMA) leverages information technology to facilitate (so they allege) command decision-making processes and mission effectiveness, i.e. the waging of aggressive wars of conquest.

It is assumed that U.S. technological preeminence, referred to euphemistically by Airforce Magazine as "compressing the kill chain," will assure American military hegemony well into the 21st century.

Indeed a 2001 study, [1] brought together analysts from a host of Pentagon agencies as well as,

·    defense contractors:
o  Boeing

·    consultants from:
...who proposed to do just that.


As a result of this and other Pentagon-sponsored research, military operations from Afghanistan to Iraq and beyond aim for "defined effects" through "kinetic" and "non-kinetic" means:

Leadership decapitation through preemptive strikes combined with psychological operations designed to pacify (terrorize) insurgent populations.

This deadly combination of high- and low tech tactics is the dark heart of the Pentagon's Unconventional Warfare doctrine.

In this respect, "network-centric warfare" advocates believe U.S. forces can now dominate entire societies through ubiquitous surveillance, an always-on "situational awareness" maintained by cutting edge sensor arrays as well as by devastating aerial attacks by armed drones, warplanes and Special Forces robosoldiers.


  RFID "enhanced" driving license


Meanwhile on the home front, urbanized RMA in the form of ubiquitous CCTV systems deployed on city streets, driftnet electronic surveillance of private communications and radio-frequency identification (RFID) chips embedded in commodities are all aspects of a control system within securitized societies such as ours.

As Antifascist Calling has written on more than one occasion, contemporary U.S. military operations are conceived as a branch of capitalist management theory, one that shares more than a passing resemblance to the organization of corporate entities such as Wal-Mart.

Similar to RMA, commodity flows are mediated by an ubiquitous surveillance of products - and consumers - electronically.

Indeed, Pentagon theorists conceive of "postmodern" warfare as just another manageable network enterprise.
 


The RFID (Counter) Revolution


Radio-frequency identification tags are small computer chips connected to miniature antennae that can be fixed to or implanted within physical objects, including human beings.

The chip itself contains an Electronic Product Code that can be read each time a reader emits a radio signal.




The chips are subdivided into two distinct categories, passive or active.

A passive tag doesn't contain a battery and its read range is variable, from less than an inch to twenty or thirty feet. An active tag on the other hand, is self-powered and has a much longer range. The data from an active tag can be sent directly to a computer system involved in inventory control - or weapons targeting.

It is hardly surprising then, that the Pentagon and the CIA have spent,
"hundreds of millions of dollars researching, developing, and purchasing a slew of 'Tagging tracking and locating' (TTL) gear," Wired reports.
Long regarded as an urban myth, the military's deployment of juiced-up RFID technology along the AfPak ('AfPak' is a neologism created within US foreign policy circles to designate Afghanistan and Pakistan as a single troublesome area.) border in the form of,
"tiny homing beacons to guide their drone strikes in Pakistan," has apparently moved out of the laboratory.

"Most of these technologies are highly classified" Wired reveals.

"But there's enough information in the open literature to get a sense of what the government is pursuing: laser-based reflectors, super-strength RFID tags, and homing beacons so tiny, they can be woven into fabric or into paper."

Some of the gadgets are already commercially available; if you're carrying around a phone or some other mobile gadget, you can be tracked - either through the GPS chip embedded in the gizmo, or by triangulating the cell signal.

Defense contractor EWA Government Systems, Inc. makes a radio frequency-based "Bigfoot Remote Tagging System" that's the size of a couple of AA batteries.

But the government has been working to make these terrorist tracking tags even smaller (below insert).




by David Hambling
June 3, 2009
from Wired Website



The story that the CIA uses tiny homing beacons to guide their drone strikes in Pakistan may sound like an urban myth. But this sort of technology does exist, and might well be used for exactly this purpose. It might even have been the "secret weapon" that Bob Woodward said helped the American military pacify Iraq.

The military has spent hundreds of millions of dollars researching, developing, and purchasing a slew of "Tagging tracking and locating" (TTL) gear — gizmos designed to keep covertly tabs from far away. Most of these technologies are highly classified. But there's enough information in the open literature to get a sense of what the government is pursuing: laser-based reflectors, super-strength RFID tags, and homing beacons so tiny, they can be woven into fabric or into paper.

Some of the gadgets are already commercially available; if you're carrying around a phone or some other mobile gadget, you can be tracked - either through the GPS chip embedded in the gizmo, or by triangulating the cell signal. Defense contractor EWA Government Systems, Inc. makes a radio frequency-based "Bigfoot Remote Tagging System" that's the size of a couple of AA batteries. But the government has been working to make these terrorist tracking tags even smaller.

Sandia National Laboratories have carried out development on "Radar Responsive" tags, which are like a long-range version of the ubiquitous stick-on RFID tags used to mark items in shops. The Radar Responsive tag stays asleep until it is woken up by a radar pulse. The tags in Wal-mart have a range of a couple of meters, Sandia's tags can light up and locate themselves from twelve miles away.

This document from 2004 describes the tags as being credit-card sized and with a "geolocation accuracy" of three feet. The radio waves penetrate buildings. Suggested application include "search and rescue, precision targeting, special operations." The selection of aircraft used to illustrate the system includes a Predator drone.

The reports from Pakistan suggest that the CIA knew which village to strike, they just needed to locate the exact building (descriptions like "third house on the left" can be dangerously ambiguous, especially when viewing from the air). A Radar Responsive tag would be very handy for guiding a strike from a drone a few miles away.

Nor is this the only technology out there. A 2002 Defense Science Board report on counter-terrorism mentioned, among other things, the possibility of using invisible chemical dye to mark terrorists, so they could be spotted using a suitable viewer.

The 2006 Quadrennial Defense Review — the Pentagon's once-every-four-years grand strategy document — included a section on defeating terrorist networks, which mentioned the importance of tagging and tracking both terrorists and their gear. Two methods suggested are tinier-than-tiny radar tags, and dynamic optical tags.

Darpa, the Pentagon's way-out research arm, spent years developing these,
"small, environmentally robust, retro reflector-based tags that can be read by both handheld and airborne sensors at significant ranges."

They rely on small silicon reflectors which return a laser signal — as long as that signal can be seen from the air.

"Each Dynamic Optical Tag or DOT is an inch across and based on a 'quantum well modulator,'" the agency explains.

"They are read using a laser interrogator, which can be mounted on an aircraft; the laser 'wakes up' the tag, which sends a return signal at over 100 kbps. This can be simply the ID of the tag, or it can be data that it has recorded - for example, details of where it has traveled since last interrogated, or recorded video or audio."

Covert radar tags were described in a 2004 report by the National materials Advisory Board.

Inkode, a company that also provides cheap RFID tags for supermarkets, has developed a means of embedding aluminum fibers in paper and other materials. The fibers are described as 6.5 millimeters long and 1.5 micrometers in diameter.

"When illuminated with radar, the backscattered fields interact to create a unique interference pattern that enables one tagged object to be identified and differentiated from other tagged objects," the company says. "For nonmilitary applications, the reader is less than 1 meter from the tag. For military applications, the reader and tag could theoretically be separated by a kilometer or more."

The fibers can be embedded in "paper, airline baggage tags, book bindings, clothing and other fabrics, and plastic sheet." Eight thousand fibres can be embedded in a typical 8½ by 11 inch piece of paper, which could be seen by radar at a similar distance to a meter-square target.

So even something as small as a cigarette paper could be detected through walls, uniquely identified and precisely located from a tactically-useful distance in order to direct a missile strike.

This 2007 briefing from U.S. Special Operations Command hints at research into even more exotic ways to keep tabs on a target. Technology goals include spotting a "human thermal fingerprint at long distance," "augmentation of natural signatures: e.g. 'perfumes' and 'stains.'"

The presentation also mentions a "bioreactive taggant" that is a "current capability." next to the words in a picture of a bruised arm.

We do not know if any or all of these technologies are actually in use. After all, mobile phones are also a good way of locating an individual from long range, and there are numerous other sensors that can be used to direct a strike.

But technologically speaking, the miniature homing beacon calling in CIA drone strikes is not just another urban myth.



Electronic Warfare Associates, Inc. (EWA) is a little-known Herndon, Virginia-based niche company comprised of nine separate operating entities "each with varying areas of expertise," according to the firm's website.

Small by industry standards, EWA has annual revenue of some $20 million, Business First reports.

According to Washington Technology, the firm provides "information technology, threat analysis, and test and evaluation applications" for the Department of Defense.

The majority of the company's products are designed for signals intelligence and surveillance operations, including the interception of wireless communications. According to EWA, its Bigfoot Remote Tagging System is "ideal" for "high-value target" missions and intelligence operations.

EWA however, isn't the only player in this deadly game.

The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA), the Pentagon's geek-squad, has been developing,
"small, environmentally robust, retro reflector-based tags that can be read by both handheld and airborne sensors at significant ranges," according to a presentation produced by the agency's Strategic Technology Office (STO).
Known as "DOTS," Dynamic Optical Tags, DARPA claims that the system is comprised of a series of "small active retroreflecting optical tags for 2-way data exchange."

The tags are small, 25×25x25 mm with a range of some 10 km and a two month shelf-life; far greater than even the most sophisticated RFID tags commercially available today.

Sold as a system possessing a "low probability of detection," the devices can be covertly planted around alleged terrorist safehouses - or the home of a political rival or innocent citizen - which can then be targeted at will by Predator or Reaper drones.




on his discussions with Nicholas Rockefeller eleven months before the attacks of September 11, 2001.
Taken from Zeitgeist [2]


The Guardian revealed May 31 that over the last 18 months more than 50 CIA drone attacks have been launched against "high-value targets."

The Pentagon claims to have killed nine of al-Qaeda's top twenty officials in north and south Waziristan.

"That success" The Guardian avers, "is reportedly in part thanks to the mysterious electronic devices, dubbed 'chips' or 'pathrai' (the Pashto word for a metal device), which have become a source of fear, intrigue and fascination."

According to multiple reports by Western and South Asian journalists, CIA paramilitary officers or Special Operations commandos pay tribesmen to plant the devices adjacent to farmhouses sheltering alleged terrorists.

"Hours or days later" The Guardian narrates, "a drone, guided by the signal from the chip, destroys the building with a salvo of missiles. 'There are body parts everywhere,' said Wazir, who witnessed the aftermath of a strike."

"It is a high-tech assassination operation for one of the world's most remote areas. The pilotless aircraft, Predators or more sophisticated Reapers, take off from a base in Baluchistan province. But they are guided by a joystick-wielding operator half a world away, at a US air force base 35 miles north of Las Vegas."


But while American operators may get their kicks unloading a salvo of deadly missiles on unsuspecting villagers thousands of miles away, what happens when CIA "cut-outs" get it wrong?

According to investigative journalist Amir Mir, writing in the Lahore-based newspaper The News,
"of the sixty cross-border Predator strikes… between January 14, 2006 and April 8, 2009, only 10 were able to hit their actual targets, killing 14 wanted al-Qaeda leaders, besides perishing 687 innocent Pakistani civilians. The success percentage of the US Predator strikes thus comes to not more than six percent."
So much for "precision bombing."

But as CIA Director Leon Panetta recently told Congress, continued drone attacks are "the only game in town."  A "game" likely to reap tens of millions of dollars for enterprising corporate grifters.

According to Wired, Sandia National Laboratories are developing "Radar Responsive" tags that are "a long-range version of the ubiquitous stick-on RFID tags used to mark items in shops."

A Sandia "Fact Sheet" informs us that,
"Radar-tag applications include battlefield situational awareness, unattended ground sensors data relay, vehicle tracking, search and recovery, precision targeting, special operations, and drug interdiction."
Slap a tag on the car or embed one of the devilish devices in the jacket of a political dissident and bingo! instant "situational awareness" for Pentagon targeting specialists.

As Sandia securocrats aver, Radar Responsive tags can light up and locate themselves from twelve miles away thus providing "precise geolocation of the responding tag independent of GPS."

But "what happens in Vegas" certainly won't stay there as inevitably, these technologies silently migrate into the heimat.
 



Homeland Security - Feeding the RFID Beast


One (among many) firms marketing a spin-off
of Sandia's Radar Responsive tags is the Washington, D.C.-based Gentag.

With offices in The Netherlands, Brazil and (where else!) Sichuan, China, the world capital of state-managed surveillance technologies used to crush political dissent, Gentag's are a civilian variant first developed for the Pentagon.

According to Gentag,
"the civilian version (which still needs to be commercialized) is a lower power technology suitable for commercial civilian applications, including use in cell phones and wide area tracking."

Conveniently, "Mobile reader infrastructure can be set up anywhere (including aircraft) or can be fixed and overlaid with existing infrastructure (e.g. cell phone towers)."
One member of the "Gentag Team" is Dr. Rita Colwell, the firm's Chief Science Advisor.

Headquartered at the University of Maryland, College Park and the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, according to a blurb on Gentag's website,
"Colwell will lead development of detection technologies that can be combined with cell phones for Homeland Security applications."
Another firm specializing in the development and marketing of RFID surveillance technologies is Inkode. The Vienna, Virginia-based company specializes in the development of low power devices "for integration into all types of products."

According to a 2003 article in the RFID Journal, the firm has developed a method for,
"embedding very tiny metal fibers in paper, plastic and other materials that radio frequency waves can penetrate. The fibers reflect radio waves back to the reader, forming what Inkode calls a 'resonant signature.' These can be converted into a unique serial number."
Indeed, the fibers can be embedded in,
"paper, airline baggage tags, book bindings, clothing and other fabrics, and plastic sheet," Wired reported. "When illuminated with radar, the backscattered fields interact to create a unique interference pattern that enables one tagged object to be identified and differentiated from other tagged objects," the company says.

"For nonmilitary applications, the reader is less than 1 meter from the tag. For military applications, the reader and tag could theoretically be separated by a kilometer or more."
The perfect accoutrement for a drone hovering thousands of feet above a target.

More recently, the RFID Journal reports that Queralt, a Wallingford, Connecticut-based start-up, received a Department of Homeland Security grant to design "an intelligent system that learns from data collected via RFID and sensors."

Tellingly, the system under development builds on the firm's,
"existing RFID technology, as well as an integrated behavioral learning engine that enables the system to, in effect, learn an individual's or asset's habits over time. The DHS grant was awarded based on the system's ability to track and monitor individuals and assets for security purposes," the Journal reveals.

And with a booming Homeland Security-Industrial-Complex as an adjunct to the defense industry's monetary black hole, its no surprise that Michael Queralt, the firm's cofounder and managing director told the publication,
"The reason this development is interesting to us is it is very close to our heart in the way we are going with the business. We are developing a system that converges physical and logical, electronic security."

"The core of Queralt's system is the behavioral engine that includes a database, a rules engine and various algorithms. Information acquired by reading a tag on an asset or an individual, as well as those of other objects or individuals with which that asset or person may come into contact, and information from sensors (such as temperature) situated in the area being monitored, are fed into the engine. The engine then logs and processes the data to create baselines, or behavioral patterns.

As baselines are created, rules can be programmed into the engine; if a tag read or sensor metric comes in that contradicts the baseline and/or rules, an alert can be issued. Development of the behavioral engine is approximately 85 percent done, Queralt reports, and a prototype should be ready in a few months."

(Beth Bacheldor, Queralt Developing Behavior-Monitoring RFID Software, RFID Journal, April 23, 2009)

Creating a "behavior fingerprint," Queralt says the technology will have a beneficial application in monitoring the elderly at home to ensure their safety.

Homes are laced with humidity, temperature and motion-sensing tags that can for example,
"sense when a medicine cabinet has been opened, or if a microwave oven has been operated."

In other words, the Orwellian "behavioral engine" can learn what a person is doing on a regular basis.

But given the interest - and a $100,000 DHS grant, chump change by current Washington standards to be sure - corporate and intelligence agency clients have something far different in mind than monitoring the sick and the elderly!

Indeed, the RFID Journal reports that,
"a company could use the system, for instance, to monitor the behavior of employees to ensure no security rules are breached."

Want to surveil workers for any tell-tale signs of "antisocial behavior" such as union organizing? Then Queralt may have just the right tool for you!

"The workers could be issued RFID-enabled ID badges that are read as they arrive at and leave work, enter and exit various departments, and log onto and off of different computer systems," the RFID Journal informs us. "Over time, the system will establish a pattern that reflects the employee's typical workday."

And if a worker "enters the office much earlier than normal on a particular occasion," or "goes into a department in which he or she does not work," perhaps to "coerce" others into joining "communist" unions opposed let's say, to widespread surveillance, the ubiquitous and creepy spy system "could send an alert."

Queralt is currently designing an application programming interface to "logical security and identity-management systems" from Microsoft and Oracle that will enable corporations to,
"tie the RFID-enabled behavioral system to their security applications."
 



The Future Is Now!


This brief survey of the national security state's
deployment of a literally murderous, and privacy-killing, surveillance technology is not a grim, dystopian American future but a quintessentially American present.

The technological fetishism of Pentagon war planners and their corporate enablers masks the deadly realities for humanity posed by the dominant world disorder that has reached the end of the line as capitalism's long death-spiral threatens to drag us all into the abyss.

The dehumanizing rhetoric of RMA with its endless array of acronyms and "warfighting tools" that reduce waging aggressive imperialist wars of conquest to the "geek speak" of a video game, must be unmasked for what it actually represents: state killing on a massive scale.

Perhaps then, the victims of America's "war on terror," at home as well as abroad, will cease to be "targets" to be annihilated by automated weapons systems or ground down by panoptic surveillance networks fueled by the deranged fantasies of militarists and the corporations for whom product development is just another deadly (and very profitable) blood sport.



References


Tom Burghardt is a researcher and activist based in San Francisco. He publishes in Covert Action Quarterly and Global Research, an independent research and media group of writers, scholars, journalists and activists based in Montreal. His articles can also be read on Dissident Voice, The Intelligence Daily and Pacific Free Press.
He is the editor of Police State America: U.S. Military "Civil Disturbance" Planning, distributed by AK Press.




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4 comments:

  1. "Will Americans and the rest of the "free world" be next?" - I hate to say it but I think yes, most certainly. The masses have already been programmed for a number of years now into fully accepting these things in bracelet form or under he skin in the near future by having them carry them around in debit/credit cards and in a number of other 'trendy ' gadgets.

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  4. There’s no doubt in saying that RFID will actually penetrate in every aspect of our society and lives in the times to come. Really appreciative post!

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